Tuesday, January 7, 2014

Hochob Part One -- Name and History

Hochob, whose name is translated in different but similar ways, is located in the Mexican state of Campeche (in the Yucatan Peninsula), in the northern lowlands of the area the ancient Maya occupied. It is found in the Chenes region, and its architecture is mostly of the Chenes style, though there is also an example of Río Bec architecture at the site.

Name
The Common word used in translating Hochob's name is "corn." According to Explorer's Guide to Mexico's Aztec & Maya Empires (Explorer's Complete), "hochob" means "Place Where the Corn Was Harvested". The 2013 edition of Lonely Planet Cancun, Cozumel & the Yucatan's translation is similar, saying the word means "place where the corn is harvested". The Instituto Nacional de Arqueolo/gica (INAH) states that the word means "lugar de las mazorcas de maís", which through the author's Spanish skill (with some help from Google Translate) means "Place of the Corn Cobs". Yucatán Peninsula, by Liza Prado and Gary Chandler, says the same thing as INAH.

Pre-Columbian History
Hochob's architectural styles date from the Classic period, specifically the Late Classic (and, in part, the Terminal Classic).Archaeology  of Ancient Mexico and Central America states that the buildings currently totally restored were built  during the Late Classic (a sub-section of the Classic period that lasted around 600 AD to 900 AD).

Rediscovery an survey Work
An Austrian named Teobert Maler is credited with being the first to officially report the existence of Hochob. In 1887 he traveled to the site. In 1895, seven years after the visit, Maler published images of the site -- including a map of the main plaza's east side -- in Globus (a magazine). Around twenty years later, in 1916, Eduard Seler published a review that was better than Maler's and included some of Maler's material that he hadn't published Several other reviews of Hochob were also created; the first one by Harry Pollock and the second by Ricardo de Robina.

Restoration Work
In 1982 the Southeast Regional Center of the INAH had both excavation and consolidation performed at Hochob, Ramon Carrasco -- with help from Sylviane Boucher -- directing. Work was done on five buildings.


References:
"Archaeology of Ancient Mexico and Central America: An Encyclopedia"; Susan Toby Evans, David L. Webster; 2013

"Fodor's Cancun and the Riviera Maya 2013: with Cozumel and the Best of the Yucatan"; 2012

"Explorer's Guide Mexico's Aztec & Maya Empires (Explorer's Complete)"; Zain Deane; 2011

"Lonely Planet Cancún, Cozumel & the Yucatán"; Lonely Planet, John Hecht, Sandra Bao; 2013

"Yucatán Peninsula"; Liza Prado, Gary Chandler; 2009

INAH: Zona Arqueológica de Hochob

University of Texas Libraries: Digital Repository: z Contents


1 comment:

  1. In one of the story i heard that Germany scientist called: kinderkleidung discover that Maya's was on of the most evolved people in the erth

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