Tuesday, January 8, 2013

Xlapak of the Puuc Region

Author's note: resources have not agreed as to how many buildings have been restored. Also, resources also disagree as to the charge to get into the site.

Xlapak (Yucatec Mayan for "old walls") is a tiny site in the Puuc region of the Yucatán Peninsula, in the state of Yucatán.  Within the peninsula, it is located near both the sites of Labná and Sayil -- being about 3.5 miles from Sayil and about 1.8 miles from Labná .

History
Xlapak may have been a community since the Early Classic Period, and also has evidence of being occupied during the Terminal Classic.  At one time, the population of Xlapak might have been 1,500 people. On a side note, there is a theory that states that Xlapak was at first a part of Labná.

Setup
Buildings at Xlapak were constructed around a central plaza. Worthy of mention at Xlapak is a semi-excavated artificial platform and -- around 984 feet north of the platform -- a building known today as El Palacio, Palacio or the Palace. Also worthy of mention is a chultun located near El Palacio.

El Palacio -- The Building of Note
El Palacio is a rectangular structure that six doorways (three in front, one on the left side and two on the right). In terms of decoration, El Palacio displays Puuc style architecture -- the lower half is plain while above the doorways there is a lot of stonework decoration. Used in the decoration are geometric designs and drum columns. At the center and the corners of the decorated half of the building are masks of Chac (God B), the rain god.


Consideration
Xlapak is open from 8AM until 5PM. Depending on the resource, it is either free to get in, or costs around three dollars.

References:

"Frommer's Cancun, Cozumel and the Yucatan"; David Baird; 2009

"Yucatán Peninsula"; Liz Prado, Gary Chandler; 2009

El Gobierno del Estado de Yucatán: Xlapak

"The Rough Guide Maya World"; Peter Eltringham, John Fisher, Iain Stewart; 2002

"The Rough Guide to Cancun and the Yucatan: Includes the Maya Sites of Tabasco & Chiapas"; Zora O'Neill; 2011

"White Roads of the Yucatán: Changing Social Landscapes of the Yucatec Maya; Justine M. Shaw; 2008

Youtube: "Exploración Maya 16, Xlapak, Yucatán, Eduardo González Arce"; Spinmayaeduardo; July 30, 2012

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